When buying leasehold rights or leasing real properties from locators and individuals inside the Subic Bay Freeport Zone (SBFZ), “caveat emptor.” Let the buyer beware.
The Freeport is governed by a special law, Republic Act No. 7227, as amended; its implementing rules and regulations; as well as a relatively new set of rules entitled “Resident’s Handbook.”
A property being offered for transfer or sublease should have been duly approved for lease/assignment by the Subic Bay Metropolitan Authority (SBMA) board of directors. The properly signed lease agreement or deed of assignment must have been registered at the SBMA Registry Office. The subject property must also be checked whether it has unpaid accounts with the SBMA, or utility firms such as Enerzone, Subicwater and Subictel.
To be accorded legal effect especially insofar as SBMA and third parties are concerned, the succeeding deed of assignment or sublease agreement should be submitted to the SBMA for approval and registration; and the latter’s share from the total purchase price properly accounted and remitted to it. When applicable, no taxes would be assessed and paid from the transaction.
It is because RA 7227 provides that:
"(c) The provisions of existing laws, rules and regulations to the contrary notwithstanding, no taxes, local and national, shall be imposed within the Subic Special Economic Zone. In lieu of paying taxes, three percent (3%) of the gross income earned by all businesses and enterprises within the Subic Special Economic Zone shall be remitted to the National Government, one percent (1%) each to the local government units affected by the declaration of the zone in proportion to their population area, and other factors. In addition, there is hereby established a development fund of one percent (1%) of the gross income earned by all businesses and enterprises within the Subic Special Economic Zone to be utilized for the development of municipalities outside the City of Olongapo and the Municipality of Subic, and other municipalities contiguous to the base areas.
In case of conflict between national and local laws with respect to tax exemption privileges in the Subic Special Economic Zone, the same shall be resolved in favor of the latter." (Section 12)
For that matter, the would-be assignor/sublessor must guarantee to the buyer/sublessee the following:
1. That it is not in default in its agreement with SBMA;
2. That it shall pay SBMA its due share from the total consideration of the agreement;
3. That it shall submit to SBMA a certified true copy of the deed of assignment/sublease agreement within five (5) days from its execution; and
4. That it shall pay in full the balance stipulated in the terms of its lease agreement, upon execution of the deed of assignment/sublease agreement.
Finally, it is important to remember that the original Lease Agreement between the locator/individual and the SBMA is always considered to be integral to the succeeding deed of assignment/sublease.